Consolidating the third wave democracies

18-Feb-2016 02:05

Huntington also discusses various aspects of democratic stabilization and the prospects of consolidation in fledgling third wave democracies.He outlines a number of conditions that have favored or are favoring the consolidation of new democracies: 1) the experience of a previous effort at democratization, even if it failed; 2) a high level of economic development; 3) a favorable international political environment, with outside assistance; 4) early timing of the transition to democracy, relative to a worldwide "wave," indicating that the drive to democracy derived primarily from indigenous rather than outside influences; and 5) experience of a relatively peaceful rather than violent transition.

The first wave developed slowly from 1828-1926, beginning in the United States and was characterised by Sunshine as ‘minimal democracy’ in which at least 50% of the adult male population was enfranchised and a responsible executive and periodic elections were in place. Regional Differences in Democratization: The East Versus the South. Transition Without Transformation: Russia’s Involuntionary Road to Capitalism. To Craft Democracies: Reflections on Democratic Transition and Beyond. The End of the Third Wave and the Start of the Forth.

The first wave developed slowly from 1828-1926, beginning in the United States and was characterised by Sunshine as ‘minimal democracy’ in which at least 50% of the adult male population was enfranchised and a responsible executive and periodic elections were in place.

Regional Differences in Democratization: The East Versus the South.

Transition Without Transformation: Russia’s Involuntionary Road to Capitalism.

To Craft Democracies: Reflections on Democratic Transition and Beyond.

The End of the Third Wave and the Start of the Forth.

He refers to the widespread international push toward democracy during this period as the "third wave" (not to be confused with Alvin Toffler's "third wave" which became the byword of people like Newt Gingrich in the 1990s).